The United Nations (UN) reported on Saturday that China and India, which rank first and third respectively as the worst emitters of greenhouse gases in the world, missed the deadline to present their new targets to reduce carbon dioxide. carbon. And they are not the only ones, since only 58% of all the countries that signed the Paris Agreement presented their updated proposals, despite the deadline being until July 30.
Stopping the release of greenhouse gases that cause global warming is a tightrope goal, given the failure of dozens of countries that promised to do so under the 2015 Paris Agreement.
China and India, two of the most populous nations on the planet and among those with the highest carbon emissions, did not present their updated proposals to achieve this goal.
The initial limit to deliver the new environmental goals of the Paris Agreement, called “Commitments are nationally determined contribution” (NDC, for its acronym in English), was 2020. But the date was postponed until July 30, 2021 due to the pandemic and even so, neither China nor India complied.
Furthermore, they are not the only governments that ignored the pact. Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Syria and 82 other countries also did not update their nationally determined contributions, for the UN to include them in a report it is preparing for the international conference on climate change, to be held in November in Glasgow.
The head of the United Nations for Climate, the Mexican diplomat Patricia Espinoza, celebrated that 110 signatories of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change have met the deadline.
However, he stressed that this figure was “far from being satisfactory” since only 58% of the nations that signed the Paris Agreement presented their new objectives on time. Among those that complied is the United States, the world’s second largest issuer, which presented its new target last April.
“I call on those countries that could not meet this deadline to redouble their efforts and fulfill their commitment under the agreement,” the official said in a statement.
Limit global warming to 2ºC, a set goal that is isolated
Espinosa also noted that an earlier report found that countries were doing very little to meet the goal of keeping global warming below 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the century, compared to pre-industrial times.
So the more ambitious goal of limiting warming to 1.5 ° C is much further out of reach.
“The recent extreme heat waves, droughts and floods around the world are a dire warning that much more needs to be done, and much faster, to change our current path (…) This can only be achieved through more NDC ambitious, “said Espinoza.
The situation occurs just when in recent days, dozens of nations have been hit by floods in the face of incessant rains. This is the case in Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and Austria.
At the same time, other countries are going through a strong heat wave that fuels forest fires and leaves thousands of people displaced, as is the case in Canada, the United States, Greece and Turkey.
With AP and local media